Journal of Surgical Simulation 2015; 2: 47 - 52

Published: 05 October 2015


Simulation centres

Developing and running a surgical simulation centre: experiences from Copenhagen, Denmark

Lars Konge, Flemming Bjerrum, Leizl Joy Nayahangan and Torben V. Schroeder
Corresponding author: Leizl Joy Nayahangan, Copenhagen Academy for Medical Education and Simulation, Rigshospitalet 5404, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark. Email:


The Simulation Centre at Rigshospitalet in Copenhagen, Denmark, focuses on providing simulation-based skills training to young doctors in surgical procedures such as laparoscopy, bronchoscopy, gastroscopy, colonoscopy, cystoscopy, hip fracture surgery, and ultrasonography. It is the leading training centre in Denmark, with its vision to have all doctors train on technically advanced clinical procedures in a simulation-based environment before performing procedures on patients. Our training curricula follow the FACER strategy: flexible, accessible, certification, evidence based and research generating. Along with these criteria, we follow a four-step approach in all courses: theoretical preparation, introduction by a clinical specialist, directed self-regulated training sessions, and certification assessed by a specialist. Our commitment to simulation-based training continues and we aim to fulfil our vision by establishing more simulation-based training programmes, covering more than 50 clinical procedures by 2020.



surgical simulation; technical simulation; minimally invasive surgery; simulation training; virtual reality simulation