Journal of Surgical Simulation 2019; 6: A: 5 - 5

Published: 06 November 2019


Oral presentation

Special Issue: Freedom - breaking simulation out of the Sim Centre

Richard Vincent
Corresponding author: Richard Vincent, FundamentalVR, WeWork, The Cursitor, 38 Chancery Lane, London, WC2A 1EL, UK. Email:


The case for simulation as part of a multi-modal training experience is well understood, numerous studies have confirmed the value of this important training tool; the challenge is access. Whether cadaveric, mannequin or computer-based, simulation comes with heavy costs and infrastructure requirements resulting in limited availability. As a result, simulation is often at best, a once or twice a year occurrence. It is estimated that less than 0.5% of surgeons have any day-to-day access to a safe place to learn, practice and test themselves.

Virtual Reality (VR) offers the potential to help solve this problem through a simpler, low-cost simulation solution which could finally release surgical simulation from the education departments and sim centres and into the hands of surgeons where they are.

The mission of Fundamental Surgery is to democratise surgical training by putting it within arm’s reach of surgeons. The platform which combines VR and haptics (the sense of touch) offers a low-cost simulation with precise measurement and tracking.

We explore the potential of VR+Haptic training, look at the potential data and measurement outputs and how, combined with AI machine learning these provide an invaluable tool for learning, skills refinement and capability monitoring.


virtual reality; haptic; surgical simulation; low cost simulation

Additional Information

This presentation was given at the 8th Annual Homerton Simulation Conference, Homerton University Hospital, London, UK, on 6 December 2018.

Conflict of interest: Richard Vincent is CEO and Co-founder of FundamentalVR.